5 Benefits of Solving Previous Year Question Papers

Neither all can score high marks in the final exams nor anyone wants to score low marks in the exams. Thankfully previous year question papers can help the students to score well in the exams. Solving previous year question papers is important for students who will be appearing for Class 10 and Class 12 Board exams. Suppose a Class 10 student is facing an issue with a particular subject such as Maths, then he/she can solve the previous year question papers. It would let him/her get enough practice and be the master of the subject.

Let’s explore some points on the importance of previous year question papers.

1. Practice makes a man perfect

In order to be well prepared for the exams, a student should be thorough with all the topics included in the curriculum. They should keep enough time to revise the subject before the exams. These previous year question papers can help the students to evaluate their performance. It would help them to see where they lack in their preparation and how to fill the knowledge gap in it. This would help them prepare better for their exams.

2. Manage your time efficiently

Solving previous year question papers will help the students to evaluate the best way to write the answers during exams. It would also help them to manage time effectively at that time. The students can improve their time management skills to solve the question paper if they practice solving these last year question papers.

3. Be Confident during Exams

Solving these previous year question papers will help the students get an idea about the paper pattern and question types to be asked in the exams. Not only this, but it would also provide an overview of the exam pattern and allotted marks to every section. If students solve a sufficient number of previous year question papers, they will attempt the exams more confidently. Doing so will make them familiar with the paper type and pattern.

4. Self-Assessment

A student should make it a habit to solve the previous year’s question papers regularly. This would help them in preparing for their exams in a better way. They should analyze the strengths and weaknesses of the subject using these papers.

5. Plan your studies accordingly

The foremost step after analyzing their strengths and weaknesses should be to start working to improve them. This would also prepare them for the expected difficulty level of the exam papers.

Now, it can be seen that solving previous year question papers will help the students score good marks in the board exams. So, a student who’s going to appear for Board exams should definitely download and practice as many of the same as possible. It would help them in getting good marks in examinations.

Interactive Classroom in Indian Schools – Scenario & Options

Interactive Classroom in SNBP International School, Pune

Till a few years (7-8 years) back, Interactive Classrooms Technology (ICT) Infrastructure used to act as an item of customer delight for parents. But with the factors like progression of technology, advancement of hardware, market/competitive pressure, downward thrust by the affiliation boards, lowering of costs, changing pedagogy at school level, demands of the current education standard and keeping in view the student of today the ICT has graduated being a hygiene product among the school offerings. From a differentiation proposition, it has evolved to be a must-have. This blog will help you understand the players in this industry and a how-to choose a guide for the school management and administrators.

Evolution of the industry
The business started primarily for computer education, but the movement caught pace with the availability of cheaper hardware and the adoption of computers by the normal folk. With projectors came a new wave, converting the study material and topics into multimedia animated features proving very effective in the learning of the students. Post this came interactive boards and later interactive remotes for students to answer the question. In all of this also evolved the use of touch technology on these boards thus helping teachers with various options.

Gradually now, the players in this sector have started to provide the following;

  • Maths Lab
  • Robotics Lab
  • English Lab
  • Science Experiment Kit
  • Online Portal for students to help them access all the content online.
  • ERP for Schools – To help regulate fee and inventory etc.
  • Computer Lab and Training

How it happens
A server is installed in the school building which supports all the classrooms attached through LAN wires. All the classrooms are supplied with the following;
1) Computer Processing Unit
2) Projector
3) White Board/ Interactive Board
4) Speakers

Players in ICT business

  1. Educomp http://www.educomp.com/: The pioneer in the industry and possibly the one with the most exciting hardware solution is the most widely used service currently. Educomp “SMART CLASSES” has become a synonym for the entire industry vertical.
  2. Next Education http://www.nexteducation.in/: A late entrant in the industry based out of Hyderabad but has expanded rapidly and now offering products across the needs of the school.
  3. NIIT http://www.niit.com/services/SolutionsforSchool/Pages/SolutionsforSchool.aspx: One of the oldest in the business with flexible solutions and pioneers in the realm of Maths Lab and ERP solution.
  4. ERUDITE
  5. EVERONN
  6. TATA
  7. HCL
  8. JAYPEE
  9. EXTRA MARKS
  10. IL&FS
  11. CLASS TEACHER
  12. SMART
  13. SCHAND

There are many more but more or less the market is flooded now ruling out the emergence of any new player in the future. There would be consolidation in the industry in the future given the offering has become a commodity for the schools.

Terms of Engagement

  1. Mostly they deal with the school is made for a period of 5 Years
  2. The payment is collected in advance for a quarter
  3. The service provider takes control of all the hardware for a period of 5 years post which the responsibility to maintain falls with the school administration
  4. The money charged from the school is divided into three types
  • For the purchase of the Hardware product – Sort of EMI distributed over 5 years
  • Usage of Licence
  • Usage of Services
  • Initially, a resource person from the company is deployed, but later based on the understanding of finances stays or moves out. This person helps in mobilising the usage of the services among the teachers.

How to Choose

There are certain guidelines one could keep in mind while selecting a product/service for their school

  1. Quality of Hardware – Have a close look at the quality being offered as eventually, it’s going to be your asset after a period of 5 years
  2. Depth of the network of the service – How is the company looking, would they be able to maintain the quality standard in serving you in the future.
  3. Depth of the Content – Check the books being prescribed in your school and the topics covered, are they covered by the content provider.
  4. Cost per class

Challenges for a School

  1. Teachers – Definition by itself cannot be bad, though it seems you while you make the teachers learn and adapt. Teachers mostly technologically challenged find it difficult to maneuver their way around the hardware thus causing the problem with the usage and mal-usage of the hardware.
  2. Upkeep – Expensive hardware in the classrooms with students can be a combustible situation
  3. Cost – Under pressure the schools have to buy this solution. The revenue model by the existing players is yet to evolve on revenue per student and is limited to revenue per class. This makes it difficult for New Schools to get this on their premises.

Direct Admission in Class X and XII in CBSE School

SNBP International School, Pune

The number of students changes the school while studying in class X or XII on the ground of shifting of Family, better education, distance, medical ground, etc. In order to ensure better adaptability to the academic environment of the new school, students desirous of changing school may be advised to change school while studying in class IX or in XI.

In April 2019, CBSE has trued to take a more wholesome view of the problem and has made it relatively easier now from what it used to be for Schools and Students.

This is what the Examination Bye-Laws says;

As the syllabus prescribed at Secondary level is of two years integrated course, no admission shall be taken in Class X directly. A student shall not be allowed to migrate from one “School” to another during the session after his name has been sent to the Board for the Secondary School(Class X) and Senior School Certificate(Class XII) Examinations. This condition may be waived only in special circumstances by the Chairman.

In case of all such admissions, the schools would obtain post facto approval of the Board within one month of admission of the student.

Here is the list of categories under which the Schools can entertain Direct Admissions and the formalities to be fulfilled by the School at the time of Admissions

S NoCATEGORYFORMALITIES TO BE FULFILLED
1Shifting because of transfer of parent(s) from the present place to another(a) Request of the parent.
(b) Registration Card/Registration Number of CBSE of CLASS-IX/XI.
(c) Report Card of previous Class.
2Shifting of FamilyDue to Shifting of Business
(a) Request of Parent.
(b) Registration Card/Registration Number of CBSE of CLASS-IX/XI.
(c) Report Card of previous Class.
(d) Transfer Certificate of previous class.
(e) Proof of old business address.
(f) Change of current account address in bank record
(g) Proof of address change with tax authorities.
(h) Change in TAN card with the updated new address .
(i) Receipt of property Tax/Rent Receipt.

Due to Joining another organisation/establishment
(a) Request of Parent.
(b) Registration Card/Registration Number of CBSE       of CLASS-IX/XI.
(c) Report Card of previous Class.
(d) Transfer Certificate of previous class.
(e) A copy of Appointment letter attested (in blue ink only) by the organisation/establishment where parent(s) of student joined.
(f) Local Residence Address as per Office record to be issued by the organisation/establishment where parent(s) of student joined.
(g) Undertaking of relationship, if student concerned has been residing along with his/her relatives from the date of provisional admission in new school.
(h) Electricity Bill in respect of the premises of the relative, if he or she is house owner  OR two Receipts of rent, if on rent.
(i) Any Identity proof of the relative, issued by Central/State Govt.

Due to Purchase of House:  
(a) Request of Parent.
(b) Registration Card/Registration Number of CBSE       of CLASS-IX/XI.
(c) Report Card of previous Class.
(d) Transfer Certificate of previous class
(e) Sale Deed/Conveyance Deed/Gift Deed/Lease Deed/Allotment letter etc. duly registered Authority Concerned of the State as per rules.
(f) Relevant Documents of Bank/Loan Sanctioning Letter.

Due to Rented House: 
(a) Request of Parent.
(b) Registration Card/Registration Number of CBSE       of CLASS-IX/XI.
(c) Report Card of previous Class.
(d) Transfer Certificate of previous class.
(e) Initial Rent Agreement of previous rented house along with last Rent Receipt.
(f) Registered Rent Agreement of new house.
(g) Latest Rent Receipt of new rented House.
3Shifting to Hostel(a) Request of Parent.
(b) Registration Card/Registration Number of CBSE of CLASS-IX/XI.
(c) Report Card of previous Class.
(d) Transfer Certificate of previous class.
(e) Statement /Declaration of the parent(s) on  shifting to the hostel with evidences.
(f) Certificate from the admitting school to the effect that hostel has been existing from ……..years (No. of years).
(g) Fee Payment Receipt of hostel issued by school.
(h) Proof of hostel Fee transaction i.e. Bank Statement showing debit (from parent’s account & credit to the school’s account) of both (Parent & School).
4Shifting from Hostel(a) Request of Parent.
(b) Registration Card/Registration Number of CBSE of CLASS-IX/XI.
(c) Report Card of previous Class.
(d) Transfer Certificate of previous class.
(e) Statement /Declaration of the parent(s) on  shifting to the hostel with evidences.
(f) Fee Payment receipts of hostel  issued by previous school.
(g) In the case of Shifting from hostel to Day Boarding school genuine reason with the documentary evidences.
5Re-admission due to Fail/not appeared in the exams/Improvement /CompartmentRe-admission in same school:
(a) Request of Parent.
(b) Old Roll Number (Admit Card) and a copy of Marks-Statement(s), whichever applicable.
Re-admission in other School:
(a) Request of Parent.
(b) Old Roll Number (Admit Card) and a copy of Marks-Statement(s), whichever applicable.
(c) Reasons to change the school with documentary evidences.
6Better Educationa) Request of Parent.
(b) Registration Card/Registration Number of CBSE of CLASS – IX / XI.
(c) Report Card of previous Class.
(d) Transfer Certificate of previous class.
(e) Following information from both schools i.e, Admitting and Leaving-
(i) Result of last five year of Board’s examination
(ii)Qualifications & Teaching Experience of Teachers teaching class-X/XII of the subjects opted by the student (as the case may be).
7Long Distance(a) Request of Parent.
(b) Registration Card/Registration Number of CBSE       of CLASS-IX/XI.
(c) Report Card of previous Class.
(d) Transfer Certificate of previous class.
(e) Undertaking by the parents about the distance (in Kms.) of old as well as new school from the residence.
(f) Justification to be given by the parent of student to change school at this stage.
8Medical Ground(a) Request of Parent.
(b) Registration Card/Registration Number of CBSE of CLASS-IX/XI.
(c) Report Card of previous Class.
(d) Transfer Certificate of previous class.
(e) Undertaking by the parents about the distance (in Kms.) of old as well as new school from the residence.
(f) Medical Certificate of Government Hospital
NoteMay please note:-
1) All the documents of the previous school should be attested by the principal of the previous school.
2) All other documents should be duly attested by the principal of admitting school.
3) Report Card of previous class mentioning ‘Qualifies/Passed’ (on having obtained minimum 33% in all five main subjects)duly attested by the principal of school.
4) (i) in case issued from a CBSE affiliated school, directions as given in circular No. CBSE/T.C Uploading /2018 dated 01.10.2018 be Compiled (CBSE’s Schools should not send TC to CBSE for verification / countersignature).
(ii) In case issued by school recognised by another Board. It should be duly countersigned by the Educational Authorities of the Board Concerned.
5) Schools will send all the request for class X and class XII in one go in the enclosed format. No second request shall be entertained.
6) Non-Refundable processing fee as mentioned below be remitted in the form of Demand Draft in favour of Secretary , CBSE payable at the place of the concerned Regional Office and sent along with the request:-

Conditions for Direct Admissions in Class X & XII

Provided further that admission to class X in a school shall be open only to such a student who :

a) has completed a regular course of study for Class IX from an institution affiliated to this Board;

b) has completed a regular course of study for Class IX and has obtained minimum Grade D in the five subjects(excluding the 6th additional subject) under Scholastic Area A as well as Grades in subjects under Scholastic Area B under the Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation Scheme in class IX examination conducted by an institution affiliated to this Board and migrating from/within one city/State to another only on the transfer of the parent(s) or shifting of their families from one place to another, after procuring from the student the Report Book and the Transfer Certificate duly countersigned by the Board; and

c) a student who has completed a regular course of study for class IX and has passed class IX examination from an institution recognized by/affiliated to any recognized Board in India can be admitted to a school affiliated to this Board only on the transfer of the parent(s) or shifting of their families from one place to another, after procuring from the student the mark sheet and the Transfer Certificate duly countersigned by the Educational Authorities of the Board concerned

Notwithstanding anything contained in the rules above. The chairman shall have the powers to allow change of school for better academic performance. medical reasons etc. to avoid undue hardship to the candidate(s).

In case of all such admissions, the schools would obtain post facto approval of the Board within one month of admission of the student.

7.5 Admission to Class XII

(i) As the syllabus prescribed at Senior level is of two years integrated course, no admission shall be taken in class XII directly. Provided further that admission to Class XII in a school shall be open only to such a student who:

a) has completed a regular course of study for Class XI and has passed class XI examination from an institution affiliated to this Board.

b) has completed a regular course of study for class XI and has passed class XI examination from an institution affiliated to this Board and migrating from/within one city/state to another only on the transfer of the parent(s) or shifting of their families from one place to another, after procuring from the student the mark sheet and the Transfer Certificate duly countersigned by the Board; and

c) has completed a regular course of study for class XI and has passed class XI examination from an institution recognized by/affiliated to any recognized Board in India can be admitted to a school affiliated to this Board only on the transfer of the parent(s) or shifting of their families from one place to another, after procuring from the student the mark sheet and the Transfer Certificate duly countersigned by the Educational Authorities of the Board concerned.

Notwithstanding anything contained in the rules above,

The chairman shall have the powers to allow change of school for better academic performance, medical reasons etc. to avoid undue hardship to the candidate(s).

Teaching Resources on the web

Teaching Resources on the web – SNBP International School, Pune

The internet is flooding with information. Needless to state the advantages and the help a teacher can derive from the web. Though what is more pertinent here is where to seek for what kind of information. The subject here in this blog that we have chosen is Mathematics, we are putting down the name of certain websites that can be very effective while making lesson plans or when designing Maths class activities.

Website 1: http://www.ilovemath.org – This website provides with a lot of maths activities and resources

Website 2: http://exponentialcurve.blogspot.in/ – This is a blog by a teacher and has some really good activities and worksheet ideas

Website 3: https://www.teachingchannel.org/videos/energizing-students – This is not for maths specifically but offers interesting videos on a lot of other subjects too.

Website 4: http://www.learner.org/courses/mathilluminated/ – Another website with lots of textbooks and printables

Website 5: http://www.pbs.org/teachers/ This is a blog by PBS, US.

Why is CBSE a better board for Schools & Students

CBSE a better board – SNBP International School, Pune

1. Transparent:

The board is extremely transparent about the way they go about affiliation. If you have nothing to hide than it is absolutely smooth sailing. The entire process of CBSE affiliation is online www.cbseaff.nic.in and one doesn’t have to go Delhi office or doesn’t have to talk to anyone to apply. There is a stage-wise process about which the user is informed periodically online. The process is made extremely easy by the board. A great help for people looking to start schools.

2. Modern

The CBSE is changing and constantly upgrading themselves and asking schools to do the same, now their versatile working covers almost all aspects of school and thereby education quality. Just to emphasise the Infrastructure takes care through a Physical inspection and scrutiny at the time of affiliation, the suggested pedagogy involves Continuous Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE) which doesn’t burden a child with unnecessary expectation and also provides teachers with a very innovative approach, Teachers training is imparted through agencies enlisted by the board, quality of evaluation by enrolling students online from Class IX onwards by recordings and managing their scores online, co-curricular activity through periodically notice and information from the CBSE Academic website and certainly through various sporting and non-sporting ‘literary’ events.

3. Dynamic

CBSE is dynamic and is on the lookout to change every now and then for a starter have a look at these two links fro their academic website http://cbseacademic.in & http://cbseacademic.in/circulars.html, both these could tell you the changes and the quality CBSE is looking to bring. The good part is despite bureaucracy and CBSE being a part of the Ministry of HRD, the organisation pretty agile for its size.

4. The Framework

All the competitive exams conducted for various courses like engineering, medical, etc take the curriculum laid by the CBSE as the basic framework. Hence it certainly does help students to prepare for various such examinations. It also helps in admission across the various prestigious university in India where the other board’s percentage go through some mathematical formula to arrive to be compared at par with the CBSE.

5. The Biggest Network of schools in India

As of July 2015, there are 16,322 schools in India affiliated with CBSE. If one has to compare the same with other boards than the ISCE board has 2132 schools whereas the IB board has 271 schools. If a school is part of such a large family then it certainly helps in recognition form parents and other stakeholders. For most of the parents now CBSE affiliation is a must for their child hence you see such great adoption of schools across India.

Quizzing – How can we encourage quizzing in schools

Quizzing – SNBP International School, Pune

Quizzing is one of the most positive addictions and great fun. People who quiz regularly become more observant over a period of time. Quizzers analyse, observe and remember trivia, data, figures and facts. Any child exposed to joys of quizzing should go on to possess an inquisitive brain and a powerful memory. This post is about how we can develop quizzing at the school level. Here are some of the ideas and some are still to be put into practice –

(1) Start a Quiz Club
Just like Maths Club, English Literature Club, Painting or Music. Quizzing should be treated as a hobby. A couple of classes on any given day of the week should be dedicated to quizzing. Students can be divided into groups and one group should take the responsibility of conducting the quiz. Teachers should make sure to tell them what goes into making good quiz questions, type of rounds, Negative marking rules, etc. Make sure the class is equipped with various multimedia devices for the question to become interesting.

(2) A question a day
The class teacher can share with students one trivia every day. This could be from any sphere ranging from economics, business, politics, academics or movies etc. The teacher can further go on to write the question on the board or the bulletin board within the classroom.

(3) The Quiz Box
We have tried this at our school at SNBP International School. A DROP-BOX could be erected on the wall, with the provision of space on the box or around the box where the question could be displayed. The positioning of the box should be at the most visited corner of the school for maximum visibility. The students who know the answer can drop in their answers with their names and classes mention on the paper chit. After screening the answers, one lucky winner could be awarded by a draw of luck method during the school assembly.

(4) Quiz Competitions
This is a no-brainer and is oft used method to encourage quizzing. One could make this interesting by giving a hint about the topics a few days before the quiz.

(5) The Thesaurus Quiz Board
Though a little outdated in the world of Google, but a bulletin board in the school could be put up where students can pin any question which they could not find an answer to. The teacher will collect those and will find answers and answer the same during the school assembly.

School Library Activities – Involve, Innovate and Ignite the reading habit

School Library Activities – SNBP International School, Pune

Library classes/time should be the most important part /class/period in a school’s curriculum, but sadly this gets sidelined across a lot of schools and is also categorized under the second priority when it comes to course completion and other activities. Thankfully some emphasis has come through extra reading evaluation started by CCE, but still a hell lot is still to be done. A lot of work can be done in junior classes to make them interested in reading. At our school we have been working on this, I am listing down my 5 favourite activities we have been trying to do with the students.

1. Building the story Pyramid

Each of the students given a book, like a small mostly pictorial in nature along with some text. The student reads it and later is given a worksheet to describe the book in the form of a pyramid.

Line 1 — one word, stating the name of the main character

Line 2 — two words, describing the main character

Line 3 — three words, describing the setting

Line 4 — four words, stating the problem

Line 5 — five words, describing one event

Line 6 — six words, describing a second event

Line 7 — seven words, describing the third event

Line 8 — eight words, stating the solution to the problem

for example (Ramayana)

Ram

Honest, Obedient

Ayodhya, Successor, Old Father

Stepmother, Ambition, Brother, Exile

Sita, Kidnap, Hanuman, Monkey-Army, Bridge

War, Vibhishan, Fire in Lanka, Medicine(Sanjeevani), Ten Heads Ravana, Jatayu

Victory, Truth, Airplane, Back to home, Peace, Ram Rajya, Brothers united

2. A permanent section in the school student’s almanac

For the entire year, we have created a permanent section in the almanac for the teacher/librarian.Student/parent to track the list of books they have read during the entire year. This is supplemented by a worksheet or by a group discussion after reading each of the books where students talk about the following aspects of the book;

What have they read

Who is the author

The idea in the story

Does it happen in real life

3. Train journey in the school library

Students are asked to make a train with one behind the other, the librarian becomes the engine. The train stops at all major landmarks within the library. The various section inside the library like Newspaper, Magazine, Biographies, Fiction, Non-Fiction, Encyclopedia, General Books, Reference books, Audio Visual corner. This way the students get an idea of what is in store for them.

4. Locating my Favourite Fairy Tale Book

Students are given ideas about fairy tale stories and are asked to go and search the book in the library. Once they have found and read it. They are asked to fill in details on the worksheet which are as follows;

  • Who is the author?
  • Accession/ Call number of the book.
  • In which section was it kept.
  • Draw an illustration of the lead character on the page.

5. Quiz

This one is simple, students are first told about the encyclopedias and information stored in them, Students are then divided into groups and each of the group is given an encyclopedia. The teacher throws different question to different question which is housed inside their respective encyclopedia. The teams have to find the answers, the fastest group wins the contest.

There are many more ideas in terms of the worksheet which can be done, but there is also a fear of converting the library into another class. Anyway, I hope the librarians can derive some joy out of the activities listed above.

5 Changes we will see in the world of Education in the near FUTURE

world of Education in the near FUTURE

The biggest change which has seeped into each of our lives has been Technology. Education seems to lead the foray in terms of the sector where technology has created huge paradigm shifts, not only in terms of the repository but also in the mode of dissemination. We strongly believe that educators are just at the tip of the iceberg and find ourselves at a very important part of this journey of evolution. Here are some of the changes which We foresee in the near future.

1. Hand-writing on a decline – Would we want our students to handwrite something, really? As they say in corporate lingo, this is the age of screen-agers. A screen is always nearby and would be present much more in the very near future. Slowly in some time, the onus of an individual on writing manually and doing a good job of it will wither away.

2. Teachers as the only Facilitators? Need an answer to a question, not necessarily the answer will be asked from a human. Students with the help of the web are finding answers to their queries. The best part, the machine doesn’t remark – What a silly question.

3. Bags will shrink, Hardbound books will perish –  Just met a representative from a company that has come up with E-reader for schools. This E-Reader will have all the books prescribed by the school in digital format. We have also met a company that is making homework and tests to move on cloud computing. With all this, paper books and bags will evolve into something else.

4. Urban – Semi Urban-Rural divide will decrease and possibly disappear. For long there has been a huge difference in quality from a Metro to a Non – Metro, but with technology and with the help of the web, this gulf is slowly bridging.  We sure there would be a time where we all will speak, learn and study in the same language.

5. Academic Schools and Social Schools – Newer formats can emerge in school education, with VSAT technology students can get homeschooled and parents will send him to a place where he can hone his/her social skills. Though a little far fetched, but a possibility certainly exists.

Music & Dance Faculty, Teaching Methodology at Indian Schools

Rising Star Voice of SNBP

With the advent of satellite television has come the wave of reality shows and along with having come kids performing the unbelievable. What parents at times don’t realise is they were a child once and believe their child can do the same given the training. Discovery of talent and aptitude is lost in all of these expectations give and take. But coming to the fact of the matter and what is the reality with many schools of today is the development of Music and Dance faculty at the school level. We are putting down some of the challenges which a school faces;

(1) English is a problem
All the singers and performers you want to take on board as teachers who have been selected post displaying their talent cannot be blamed for lack of knowledge of English.

(2) Teachers by day and Performers by night
Good performers are always in demand and so are their performances, most of the schools operate ion the morning making it difficult for these teachers to give their best.

(3) Challenging school curriculum
With such less time and so much time, schools find it difficult to manage time between Studies, Games, Hobby, Outdoor trips, Educational Visits, Co-Curricular activities, and Exams. Hence, the first to be taken off of the rosters are the Music and Dance classes. In addition to this, none of the board lays down any curriculum for any school. So most of the time, the teachers also are at sea when it comes to developing a somewhat holistic curriculum for performing arts.

(4) Abject state of Universities and Evaluation bodies
The Government runs bodies who have the authority to provide certification for Music and Dance are run by Babus and teachers totally away from reality and lost in their own world. This makes it even more difficult for Schools to get the right direction. Schools look to sweep things under the carpet by winning some group song competition and making kids sing some songs in the annual function.

How it Should Be and What should be done

(1) The boards should lay down the curriculum or possibly Textbooks for effective implementation.
(2) There is a need gap amongst schools to be provided quality faculty by third-party vendors. Somewhat like edu-sports and Leapstart for sports.
(3) Boards should conduct and organise zonal level events to create more awareness and benchmarks for schools.
(4) Schools should commit to parents making themselves responsible to make the child master of one of the performing arts, whether be Painting, Drawing, Sculpting, Dance, Vocal or Instrumental music.

Indian Education Debate CBSE, ICSE, IB – Which one to choose?

The debate between concerned parents and educators on whether a CBSE or an ICSE system is better has been going on for years. With the increasing numbers of schools offering the International Baccalaureate, International General Certificate of Secondary Education (IGCSE) from the University of Cambridge International Examinations and the Waldorf system; the debate has widened, providing both stress and options to parents.

Not surprisingly with 12 million students in 12,504 schools including 1,002 Kendriya Vidyalayas, 1,944 government schools, 8,966 independent schools, 562 Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas and 30 Central Tibetan Schools, CBSE remains the hot favourite, followed by ICSE with 1,900 schools in India and about 1,40,878 students (including 232 abroad). Experts believe that this bent can be credited to their accessibility and the result-orientated approach in content.

CBSE Vs ICSE

The CBSE board focuses on preparing students for entrance examinations for engineering and medical. This can be a beneficial aspect since all the entrance examinations on the national level are conducted as per the CBSE syllabus. SNBP is regarded as one of the top CBSE schools in PuneThe board uses NCERT books.

The CBSE syllabus is comparatively more rational and scientific in its approach. It has been designed for a specific year and is divided into various segments and every segment is given a specific number of periods so that it can be completely and thoroughly taught in one year. As a result, the CBSE system enables the teachers to prepare the teaching of various subjects in a coherent manner. Moreover, this system helps the students allocate time to different subjects in a balanced way.

This board strives to provide quality education to students through a practical approach. Students can choose across a large variety of subjects and streams for their plus two. The importance is given to science, arts, and language. The CISCE syllabus is vast and comprehensive, and the curriculum is structured in a way so as to provide the maximum amount of knowledge to the students in a practical way. Some of the best schools in Pune are affiliated with this board.

Both CBSE and ICSE (CISCE) have a slightly different focus in terms of course content. The course content in CBSE is more focused on science and mathematics with lots of attention paid to the application of knowledge. CISCE (ICSE), on the other hand, is more balanced with an equal focus on language, arts, and science. Both the boards have undergone a significant change over the last 10 years and the focus has shifted from passive learning to learning through experience and experimentation.

How is an IB school curriculum different from that of CBSE/ICSE?

IB Diploma Programme (IBDP) students must choose one subject from each of five groups, ensuring breadth of knowledge and understanding in their best language, additional language(s), social sciences, experimental sciences and mathematics. Students may choose either an arts subject from Group 6 or a second subject from Groups 1 to 5.  There are three core elements of IBDP which distinguish it from all other pre-university programmes. These are:

Extended Essay: An independent research work, culminating in a 4,000-word paper. It allows students to engage in in-depth study of a chosen subject, which can come from any of the six areas of knowledge. During this process, emphasis is given on developing the capacity to analyse, synthesise and evaluate knowledge.

Theory of Knowledge: TOK aims at developing a coherent approach to learning that unifies the academic disciplines. In this course on critical thinking, students inquire into the nature of knowing and deepen their understanding of knowledge as a human construction.  Students are expected to make an oral presentation and write a 1,500-word essay that is assessed and graded.

Creativity, Action, Service: CAS, as it is known, aims to engage students in a range of activities. These can vary from enhancing physical activity, arts or even creative thinking. Each student must dedicate 150 hours to CAS to earn the full Diploma.

How is IGCSE different from CBSE/ICSE?

IGCSE is a comprehensive two-year programme, spread over Class IX and X, with final examinations offered every year in May and November. Its assessment is conducted by two UK assessment bodies—Edexcel (also known as London Examinations) and Cambridge International Examinations (CIE). A student who has passed IGCSE is eligible for any +2 level qualification, like Class XII CBSE/ ICSE or any international pre-university programme, like the IB Diploma, Advanced Placement Diploma (US), and A/AS Level & AICE (UK). Assessment is not limited to conventional written papers and they consist of a variety of tests. It is aimed at a wide ability range of students, with an eight-point grading scale, from A+ to G, with A+ being the highest.

Facts at a glance

CBSE was officially started in 1962 with 309 schools and today has 12 million students in 12,504 schools including 1,002 Kendriya Vidhyalayas, 1,944 government schools, 8,966 independent schools, 562 Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas and 30 Central Tibetan Schools.

ICSE is available in 1,900 schools in India catering to about 1,40,878 students (including 232 abroad)

At present, there are 197 schools in India offering a Cambridge education while 99 others impart the Geneva-imported IB programme and Maharashtra, with 109 IB and IGCSE schools, leads the tally, followed by Karnataka coming a distant second, and Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh.